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Dandruff and Dry Itchy Scalp Trouble Shooting

How Diagnose and Treat Dandruff and Dry Itchy Scalp Issues

Reportedly, about one in five people have tried at least one hair remedy for dandruff sometime in their life. Even though dandruff is a harmless condition, it can be both annoying and embarrassing for people who have it. Dandruff can be caused by a variety of things, including an overproduction of a type of yeast on the scalp, stress, sickness and even the change of seasons.

Sometimes, what’s believed to be dandruff is simply shampoo residue from sloppy rinsing or flaking from that gel you’re hooked on. Or it could be dry scalp caused by dry indoor heat, harsh shampoos, too-frequent shampooing, conditioners or gels applied directly to the scalp, hair processing, or a too-hot blast from a hair dryer.

Dandruff and Dry Itchy Scalp

Flaking Scalp

It probably doesn’t matter much to you whether your problem is dandruff and dry itchy scalp, or seborrheic dermatitis. What does matter is that you’re afflicted with a flaky, itchy, tight, or inflamed scalp, and you just want to fix it.

Dandruff and dry, itchy scalp are both considered forms of dermatitis. Dandruff is often mistaken for a dry scalp, but it can afflict an oily scalp just as easily as a dry one. It’s believed that dandruff is caused by an overgrowth of yeast that’s found in moderation even on healthy scalps. The yeast, Pityrosporum ovale, irritates the oil glands below the surface, and the scalp responds by accelerating the cell turnover. Dandruff results when the skin cells divide and multiply at such an accelerated rate that they reach the surface before they die and clump there, These flakes of white, scaly skin look bad, and they itch.

Sometimes, what’s believed to be dandruff is simply shampoo residue from sloppy rinsing or flaking from that gel you’re hooked on. Or it could be dry scalp caused by dry indoor heat, harsh shampoos, too-frequent shampooing, conditioners or gels applied directly to the scalp, hair processing, or a too-hot blast from a hair dryer.

If you’re coloring, perming, relaxing, or straightening your hair, your scalp can become oily, flaky, and inflamed, which may mean that you have a more severe form of dermatitis called seborrhea. One common mistake is to treat seborrhea with a harsh dandruff shampoo–that only makes it worse. So, first of all you need to know what kind of problem you have. Here’s how you can tell:

Dandruff and Dry Itchy Scalp

Dandruff Test

Turn your head upside down and brush or vigorously rub your scalp, back and forth with fingers over a sheet of dark paper. If you see tiny, dry, powdery hits, you have dry scalp. If the flakes are larger and look slightly moist or greasy. they’re dandruff. If you have large greasy flakes and your scalp is irritated and red, chances are you have seborrhea. If the scales stick to the scalp, it may be psoriasis, and if it doesn’t clear up, consult a dermatologist.

If what you have is dry scalp, first use a clarifying shampoo with cider vinegar to remove any buildup of shampoo or conditioner on the scalp. Then try an oil treatment or scalp cream designed for dry. Itchy scalp: Kiehl’s Enriched Massage Oil for Scalp, Phyto Therathrie Phytopolleine. or René Furterer Carthame Intensive Oil Supplement for Dry Hair & Scalp.

Although dandruff is generally believed not to be caused by microbes, most anti-dandruff shampoos are germicides. Go figure, most contain one of the five ingredients approved by the FDA for fighting dandruff: salicylic acid, zinc pyrithione, sulfur, selenium sulfide, and coal-tar. All of these ingredients will really dry out your scalp and your hair along with it, which puts you in the front seat of the beauty roller coaster: you got rid of your dandruff, all right, but now your hair looks like straw. Why go through all that when you can prevent dandruff in the first place?

Dandruff is seasonal, occurring more frequently and more severely from October to March, when your hair is exposed to dry indoor heat. So use the following simple rinse every couple of weeks to stay on top of the flakes.

Head Lice

Beating Dandruff the Gentle Way

Tea tree oil is an herbal antiseptic that many physicians now believe fights bacteria and yeast buildup. Try a tea tree oil shampoo like Desert Essence Keep-the-Clean Wash Shampoo, Nature’s Gate Rainwater Herbal Tea Tree Oil Shampoo, or Terrain Tea Tree Shampoo. Alphaworks by ABBA is a little stronger, because it contains AHAs along with the tea tree oil. You can also mix two drops of tea tree oil in your palm with your regular shampoo. Try this three times a week for three weeks and see if it helps.

Other herbal shampoos that work for dandruff: Penny Island Wild Lavender Shampoo, Beauty Without Cruelty Aromatherapy Daily Benefits Shampoo, Ecco Bella Dandruff Therapy Shampoo, and for the cheapest alternative, try Dr. Bonner’s Peppermint Pure Castile Soap (it will flatten your hair, but it will also squelch your dandruff).

A hair remedy that I recommend to my clients for dandruff and itchy scalp is Redken Dandruff Control. The active ingredient, pyrithione zinc, works to reduce flaking, irritation and itching according to Redken. The Redken Dandruff Control line also has a conditioner and leave-in treatment. For stubborn dandruff, try René Furterer Melaleuca Shampoo (tea tree oil with zinc pyrithione—it’s strong), Avon Controlling Dandruff Shampoo, or Phvto Therathrie Phytocyres, Philip B. Anti-Flake.

Dandruff and Dry Itchy Scalp

Dandruff Defying Rinse

A few sprigs of rosemary, 2 cups water
1. Boil the rosemary in the water and cool.
2. Rinse through the hair and massage into the scalp.

Antiseptic botanicals like tea tree Oh (aka melaleuca) are terrific alternatives to harsh dandruff shampoos. But they remain a big secret because they’re not FDA-approved for use as “dandruff shampoos.” Nonetheless, gentle shampoos that include tea tree oil, rosemary, or sage can really work to control dandruff, and they won’t dry out your scalp or hair. If your flaking is severe, you may need a true dandruff shampoo. In that case, alternate your dandruff shampoo with a gentle herbal shampoo to go easier on your hair and scalp. It’s worth the splurge for a better-quality dandruff shampoo especially since it will last longer because you won’t use it for every shampoo.

If none of the above treatments works see a dermatologist because you may have seborrhea or psoriasis which mimic dandruff but often require medical treatment.

  



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Oily, Greasy Hair Remedies

See How Easily You Can Conquer Oily Greasy Hair

A little oil on your scalp is great for shine, but too much makes locks limp and difficult to style. More commonly associated with fine, straight hair, oily, greasy hair can also be genetic and hormone-related. Just as you pay extra attention towards the look of your skin, it is equally important to care for your oily greasy hair as well. Your hair, being the crown of your visual presence plays a major role in one’s personality and beauty. There are various steps that you need to follow to keep oily hair at bay and maintain that sheen in your hair.

Some of the basic procedures you might consider regularly include combing, brushing, conditioning and shampooing. The best brand and type of oily hair shampoo will depend upon the texture of your hair. There are many people who have dry hair and many others who have oily hair.

Oily greasy hair and scalp are an issue seen regularly in the salon. Typically I tell my clients to go at least two days without shampooing, but my clients who have oily, greasy hair, complain that they can’t without looking like an oil slick.

Did you know that frequent shampooing can actually contribute to oily, greasy hair and scalp? Shampooing everyday can strip the hair and scalp of its natural oils and protectants, which triggers your hair follicles to produce more oil. . . and the pattern goes!

Try using a ‘dry shampoo’ like Klorane Extra Gentle Dry Shampoo in-between shampoos to soak up excess oil. Also, when applying conditioner, stay away from the roots of your hair (this is a common mistake). Instead, concentrate the conditioner only on the ends or the effected hair.

Another option is to do a vinegar rinse every few weeks before shampooing. Using one part vinegar to four parts water, apply the solution to your hair (avoiding scalp) and then shampoo and condition as normal.

More Tips for Oily, Greasy Hair

  • To get rid of the excessive oily, greasy hair you can massage your hair with a mixture of white vinegar and water. Leave it on for a few minutes and rinse.
  • Shampooing your hair everyday will lessen the secretions of oil on your scalp. But make sure you do not use too much of shampoo on your scalp as it may lead to dryness of the scalp thus causing hair damage. Make sure you thoroughly rinse all of the shampoo residue from your hair.
  • Cleanse your hair with a mixture of lemon juice and distilled water. This greatly reduces the oily hair.
  • Do not over use hair products like gels, sprays, creams and mousses. They make the hair oily and create excessive build up on the hair.
  • Diet also plays a major role in treating oily greasy hair. If you tend to eat excessive amounts of oily foods, the level of oil secretion in your scalp is likely to increase. So its better you stick to fresh fruits and vegetables to give you hair the necessary nourishment.
  • Limit the use of conditioner on your hair if you have oily hair. Conditioners are best suited for dry hair.
  • Rinse or soak your hair with weak tea, a lemon’s worth of juice mixed with a cup of water, or 1/4 cup of vinegar with two cups of water to correct your hair’s pH, remove residue and add shine.

 

Why Bangs Get Greasy and How to Prevent It

Greasy Bangs

There are many different reasons your bangs might begin to look oily or greasy. You’re bound to be the best judge of what is weighing you down. Common reasons include:

  • Oils from your face/skin – Whether you have an oily complexion or your bangs gets oils from constant touching and fiddling with your hair, this is a common cause of greasy bangs. Fixing the underlying problem,  be it blotting your face with blotting paper or finding a way to stop fidgeting will cut down on oily bangs. It can be difficult not to touch your bangs, but the more you fidget, the more they’ll shine.
  • Too much product – If you regularly apply styling products to your bangs, they can become greasy from product buildup. Ditto on conditioner, which your bangs don’t actually need. Cut way back on the product to enjoy oil-free bangs.
  • Sweat: Sweat from excess humidity or a power workout will bring grease to your bangs. You can’t stop yourself from sweating, so the key here is prevention. You may want to grow your bangs out for summer so you can pin them back and hide your sweat, or else pull your hair back when you’re hitting up the gym.
  • Oily hair – If your hair runs oily in general, you are more likely to experience greasy bangs. Washing your hair and your bangs with a shampoo formulated for oily hair will help, as will following the other suggestions mentioned above.

Oily Greasy Hair Bangs

Top Fixes for Oily Greasy Bangs

Sometimes, despite your best efforts, your bangs can still get greasy. If this happens, you have a few options for fixing your style quickly. Proven methods include:

  • Pinning back your bangs – Definitely the simplest fix if you’re out and about, pinning back your bangs doesn’t remove the grease but it does camouflage your bangs (and grease) from sight.
  • Dry shampoo – If you keep dry shampoo in your purse or your car (hint: If you don’t, you should), a quick spritz will take the grease and oil right out of your bangs.
  • Wet shampoo – If you’re at home, you can give your bangs a quick shampoo (and towel/blow dry) with your regular shampoo. This is certainly more hands-on than either of these other methods, and will require you to re-style your bangs when they dry, but it will de-grease the bangs. As a rule here, don’t condition your bangs as that will only make them more oily.

Bottom line is, bangs can be difficult and they may not be right for everyone. Hopefully these hair care tips will be helpful for keeping oily greasy hair to a minimum. What other tips do you employ for keeping your bangs free of oil?

  



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Hair Perm 101

Things to Think About Before You Get a Hair Perm

Want to change your hairdo? Aside from a mohawk, one of the most exciting ways to alter your look is with a “perm” or permanent wave. It can increase the fullness of soft, fine hair, put a curl or wave into straight hair, or simply make your hair easier to style

Growing up with a long, tangled mass of corkscrew curls, I would have done anything for the stick—straight styles so many of the other girls had. They, of course, coveted my curls. Why do we always want what we don’t have? Never mind, that is what salons are for.

hair perm

If you yearn to change your hair texture, try not to make it too drastic. The greater the difference. the more obvious it will be when it grows out, which puts you into the high—maintenance zone. Perming your hair is something that you should approach with caution and only after a good understanding of the downsides of how to perm hair. If you retexturize your hair, you’ll need to be diligent about touching up the roots and take more time to condition and care for it.

Perming relies on chemical processes to break the bonds in the hair’s structure and reestablish them in the shape of a curl (permed) or straight (relaxed), But if you’re already using blow—dryers, curling irons, hot rollers, and flat irons to retexturize your hair on a daily basis, you’re already damaging your hair. So you may as well get the look you want, avoid the daily wear and tear on your hair, and save yourself some time and trouble. Besides, there are new products and methods available (especially in the salon) that are not as harsh and damaging as they used to be.

Permanent Waves

Perms have come a long way since they were first developed in 1902, when quicksilver, nitric acid, and heat were used to wave the hair. The wet hair was wrapped in treated papers, dried and greased. The perm lasted for around three weeks.

Today, stylists can control not only which part of the hair they want to perm (such as a “root perm” to add body to fine, limp hair) but also the softness of the curl, Show your stylist a picture of the type of curl you want so she can choose the right—sized rods, Almost any type of hair can take a perm, but some hair types take more skill. If you are an Asian American woman with thick, heavy hair, for example, or an African American with fine hair, it may he hard, to get your hair to take the perm. You will need to find a stylist who is experienced enough with your kind of hair to know how to wrap it. When you’re creating an artificial curl, you have to work with the weight of the hair and see what the density of the hair will handle.

The stylist will apply one chemical solution to break the bonds in the hair and another, a neutralizer, to reform the bonds and change its texture. The tightness of the curl depends on the size of the rods used. If you want a tighter, curl, your hair will be rolled around smaller rods while it processes. For a softer, looser: curl, the rods are bigger, A perm lakes 48 hours to settle; you won’t have the full style impact until then.

  hair perm

Choosing the Right Hair Perm Product

There is no such thing as a chemical—free perm. (Don’t be misled by “botanical perms”, these contain added plant extracts, but they also contain chemicals!) Traditional perm solutions contain ammonia or the sulfur-based chemical thioghycolate. Not only do they smell bad, they can wreck your hair . The gentlest, top-quality perm solutions . . . Zotos Distinctly Different, Helene Curtis Insite, Senscience Inner Strength Waving Lock, Système Biolage Style Support Wave, can be found only in salons, which is where I recommend you perm your hair anyway. At-home treatments take longer to process, the technique is difficult to master, and misuse of the chemicals can result in frizzy, fried hair.

But if you want to do it yourself, look for ‘thio-free” solutions, which contain conditioner to soften hair, and don’t roll the hair too tightly, If you want a loose curl, forgo the curling rock altogether, divide the hair into sections, wrap each section around a piece of cloth, tie the ends together, and apply solution, For a really : subtle look, divide your hair into four or six even sections, twist the hair into Princess Leia buns, clip to the head, and apply solution.

hair perm

Prepping for a  Hair Perm

If you make sure your hair is healthy before you perm, you’ll avoid broken, brittle hair afterward. In the weeks before, use a protein conditioning treatment, as well as a moisturizing conditioner after you shampoo, But do not deep-condition your hair for at least 24 hours before the process . . . it may interfere with how well your perm takes hold. And do not shampoo for at least 48 hours afterward to give the process time to “set.”

After your perm, shampoo with ammonium, rather than sodium—based shampoos with keratin or wheat amino acids, which strengthen the hair fiber. Matrix Perm Fresh and Nexxus Rejuv-A-Pernm are a couple of good choices. Products with silicones and dimethicone make combing easier, Avoid polyquaternium or resin listed in the fìrst few ingredients because they weigh down the hair.

Once, anything other than a professional salon perm put you at risk of looking like someone fro the Walking Dead. But today, there are excellent, easy-to-control home perms for every type of hair. The key to success in home perms is choosing the right product for your hair.

  



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